About Greenfield MA

front of Greenfield city hall

A great place to visit and race!

Greenfield is a small rural town -- officially designated as a city -- in Franklin County, western Massachusetts, located at the crossroads of Route 2 and Interstate 91, and is the county seat. Greenfield was first settled in 1686. The population was 17,456 at the 2010 census. Greenfield is home to Greenfield Community College, the Pioneer Valley Symphony Orchestra, and the annual Franklin County Fair. The city has a Main Street Historic District containing fine examples of Federal, Greek Revival, and Victorian architecture.

Pocumtuck Indians first settled and originally inhabited the Greenfield area. Native American artifacts found in the area have been dated between 7,000 and 9,000 years B.C. The Pocumtucks planted field crops and fished local rivers. The area was colonized as part of Deerfield by the English in 1686. In 1753, Greenfield, named for the Green River, was incorporated as a separate town from Deerfield.

In 1795, the South Hadley Canal opened, enabling boats to bypass the South Hadley falls and reach Greenfield via the Connecticut River. Located at the confluence of the Deerfield and Green rivers, and not far from where they merge into the Connecticut River, Greenfield developed into a trade center. During the 19th and 20th centuries, Greenfield was one of the most important American centers of the tap and die business and was the home of Greenfield Tap & Die Company (GTD). It was designated the county seat when Franklin County was created from Hampshire County in 1811.

Today, Greenfield is a thriving small city in the midst of a cultural revival with plenty to offer. #DiscoverGreenfield

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